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Basic information of the country/area
Name of the country/area Bahrain
Formal name of the country/area Kingdom of Bahrain
Country/area information The World Factbook (CIA)
Wikipedia (English)


Indigenous signs for "Bahrain"

Spoken languages


Sign languages

Population of Deaf/deaf people

The National Government’s official number of Deaf people : approx 600. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.)

Legal status of sign languages

  • Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1. The government recognises the country's sign language(s) in : the Guideline.

2. The year when the country’s government formally recognises the country’s sign language(s): No information supplied.

3. Deaf Association/Deaf Group lobbies the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s).

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

Bahrain Deaf Society (Facebook) ; established in 2007. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.)

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the Deaf

Deaf-mute students set new standards

  • Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.

2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:

3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:

Early intervention (Up to 5 years old)
Kindergarten (Between 3/4 years old to 5/6 years old)
Primary (From 5/6 years old to 11/12 years old)
Intermediate (From 11/12 years old to 13/14 years old)
Vocational Education/Training

4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:


5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:

Two Deaf Schools
Oral Method
Oral and Sign Language (Total Communication)

6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:

None, because the highest educational level reached by the Deaf is the intermediate level. : No sign language interpreting service

Sign language interpretation

  • Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:

Approximately five Interpreters

2. Sign language interpreting qualifications:

There is.

3.The provider of the training for people who want to become qualified sign language interpreters:

National Association of the Deaf
Others: Specialised Centres

4.Total years of training to become a sign languate interpreters:

Depends on how many training sessions the interpreter takes, and his/her experience and individual skills.

5.The number of sign language interpreters who have formal interpreting qualifications in the country:

Approx three Interpreters

6.The way Deaf people access sign language interpreters:

Through the Deaf association and Deaf schools, and through activities and events.

7.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:


8.The area of life sign language interpreting services are available:

Social Services

9.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:

Sign language interpreters receive payment for interpreting services
Government pays
National Association of the Deaf/Deaf Group pays

10.The average hourly rate of payment for sign language interpreters:

The payment for Sign Language interpreters varies. If the work is official, the payment is approximately 10–20 Bahraini Dinars per hour (18.70€ - 37.40€ on 15th September 2008).

11.Sign language interpreters provide voluntary service for all sign language interpreting assignments.

12.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:


13.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:


14.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :


Deaf communities and cultures

Festival marks world deaf day

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

The country has a sign language dictionary (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)).


World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Arab Region (WFD RSAR). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.


History of sign language research



Deaf cultures and Sign Languages of the world: Bahrain

Shaikhan Alfarsi Center for Total Communication


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