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Basic information of the country/area
Name of the country/area Botswana
Formal name of the country/area Republic of Botswana
Country/area information The World Factbook (CIA)
Wikipedia (English)


Indigenous signs for "Botswana"

Illustrations in the literature

"Botswana" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 101.)

Spoken languages



Sign languages

Related sign languages:

American Sign Language

Danish Sign Language

German Sign Language

Population of Deaf/deaf people

Legal status of sign languages

  • Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1. The country’s government does not formally recognise the country’s sign language(s).

2. Deaf Association/Deaf Group does not lobby the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s), because the Association is still working on a problem we have.

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

Botswana National Association of the Deaf (BAOD) (WFD member; established in 2002. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.))

Botswana Society for the Deaf (Facebook)

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the deaf

  • Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.

2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:

Towards Education for All

3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:

Kindergarten (Between 3/4 years old to 5/6 years old)
Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)
Secondary (From 12/13 years old to 17/18 years old)
Vocational Education/Training

4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:

Kindergarten (Between 3/4 years old to 5/6 years old)
Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)
Secondary (From 12/13 years old to 17/18 years old)
Vocational Education/Training

5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:

Two Special Schools - Deaf Units in Mainstream Schools
Oral and Sign Language (Total Communication)

6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:

None, because of literacy problems.

Sign language interpretation

  • A sign language interpreter from this country participated in WASLI 2011 conference in Durban, South Africa (from WASLI Sponcorship Programme 2011, see See Bibliography below).
  • Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:


2. Sign language interpreting qualifications:


4.The way Deaf people access sign language interpreters:

Through non-governmental organisations or government.

5.The provier of the sign language interpreting services:


6.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:

Sign language interpreters receive payment for interpreting services
Government pays

7.The average hourly rate of payment for sign language interpreters:

BWP 75 (7.62€ on 31st May 2008).

8.Sign language interpreters sometimes provide voluntary service for sign language interpreting assignments.

9.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:


10.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:


11.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :


Deaf communities and cultures

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

The country does not have a sign language dictionary ( WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)).


Mohr, Susanne. Compounding or paraphrase? What sign sequences tell us about the hunting language of the ||Ani in Compounding or paraphrase? Oral presentation at WOCAL8. 23 Aug. 2015. Kyoto, Japan.

WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Sponsorship Programme 2011. Kampala, UGANDA.

World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Southern and Eastern Africa (WFD RSESA). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.

WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2007. Botswana. In: WASLI country reports 2001. 2-6. Kampala, Uganda.

Omphile. G 1995. Science achievement of hearing impaired children as compared to normal hearing children in Botswana primary schools. Unpublished. Master of Education dissertation., University of Botswana.

Jump, Stephen and Michael A. Peart. 1991. Development of a low cost hearing aid (for use in Botswana and other African countries). In: Hearing Aids: Their Production, Delivery Systems and Effective use.London: Royal National Institute of the Deaf. 41–47.


History of sign language research



Deaf cultures and Sign Languages of the world: Botswana

First deaf students join Maun SSS

Teachers happy with deaf students performance

Education dumps deaf student

Facility to contribute towards children's development


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