|Name of the country/area||Egypt|
|Formal name of the country/area||Arab Republic of Egypt|
|Country/area information||The World Factbook (CIA)|
Indigenous signs for "Egypt"
Illustrations in the literature
"Egypt" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 84.)
Population of Deaf/deaf people
Legal status of sign languages
- Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1. The country’s government does not formally recognise the country’s sign language(s).
2. Deaf Association/Deaf Group does not lobby the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s), because, the Deaf community itself needs to know and be aware of their rights and obligations. Deaf people should learn to lobby for their rights by themselves not rely on hearing people to lobby for them.
- Sign language is used as the first language in education of deaf people. According to the Government, sign language for deaf people is recognized as the official language of deaf people. (Government Implementation of the Standard Rules As Seen By Member Organizations of World Federation of the Deaf – WFD : Association of the Deaf, Egypt, 1997.)
Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf
Asdaa's Association for serving the Hearing Impaired; established in 2000. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.)
Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies
Education for the deaf
- Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.
2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:
- Public Education Law number 139 of the year 1981.
3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:
- Early intervention (Up to 5 years old)
- Kindergarten (Between 3/4 years old to 5/6 years old)
- Primary (From 5/6 years old to 11/12 years old)
- Intermediate (From 11/12 years old to 13/14 years old)
- Secondary (From 15/16 years old to 17/18 years old)
- Vocational Education/Training
4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:
5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:
- 113 Deaf Schools
- Oral and Sign Language (Total Communication)
6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:
- None, because of the low quality of primary education. Deaf students graduate illiterate, even though they spend 14 years in Deaf schools. Some hard of hearing students manage to enrol in public schools, and upon graduation from public schools they enrol in University.
- No sign language interpreting service
Sign language interpretation
- Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:
- There are no official statistics on the number of sign language interpreters. Most sign language interpreters are CODAs.
2. Sign language interpreting qualifications:
- There is.
3.The provider of the training for people who want to become qualified sign language interpreters:
- National Association of the Deaf
4.Total years of training to become a sign languate interpreters:
- No information supplied
5.The number of sign language interpreters who have formal interpreting qualifications in the country:
- No information supplied
6.The way Deaf people access sign language interpreters:
- Through their relationships with the CODAs who are sign language interpreters, or through local associations for/of the Deaf.
7.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:
- National Association of the Deaf
8.The area of life sign language interpreting services are available:
- Social Services
- Health/Medical Services
- Employment Services
- Court Services
- Educational Services
- Financial Institutions
9.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:
- Sign language interpreters do not receive payment for interpreting services
10.Sign language interpreters provide voluntary service for all sign language interpreting assignments.
11.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:
12.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:
13.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :
Deaf communities and cultures
Religious activities by the Deaf
Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages
Sign language dictionaries
Suwayd, Abd al-Hamid. 1984. Al-Qamus al-ishari. [Cairo, Egypt?]
Fan, Ryan. 2016. Mouthing and Initialization in Egyptian Sign Language. Poster presentation at Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research Conference (TISLR 12).
World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Arab Region (WFD RSAR). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.
Abdel–Fattah, Mahmoud A. 2005. Arabic Sign Language: a perspective. In : Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education 10. (2) 212–221.
El Bakary, Waguida. 1999. The education of the hearing impaired in Egypt. In : H. William Brelje ed. Global perspectives on the education of the deaf in selected countries. Hillsboro, Ore. : Butte Publications. 69-79.
`Abd Allah, Layla `Abd Allah Muhammad. 1997. Ahkam al–akhras fi al–fiqh al–Islami. (Comparative study of people who are ‘mute’ or ‘dumb,’ in Islamic law and religion : M.A. thesis, Jamiat al–Azhar, 1996.) Cairo: Maktabat al–Zahra.
Michailakis, Dimitris. 1997. Government Implementation of the Standard Rules as Seen by Member Organizations of the World Federation of the Deaf. (Reprinted on website of the Institute on Independent Living).33-34.
Egypt Ministry of Education. 1989. Muzakkira fi sha'n al-mutattalibat al-tarbawiya li madaris al-tarbiya al-sama'ia. [Memo on educational specifications for schools for the deaf.] Cairo.
Edelstam, Anne. 1984. Socializing the Deaf in Cairo. M.A. thesis, Department of Sociology, Anthropology & Psychology, American University in Cairo.
Toubbeh, J., S. Soliman and J. Yates. 1976. Communication for hearing–handicapped people in the Arab world. In: Oyer, Herbert J. ed. Communication for the Hearing Handicapped. An international perspective, Baltimore:Univ. Park Press. 395–419. ( Includes Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and UAE.
1947. The Deaf in Egypt. In : Volta Review. 49 (1) p. 35.
Eｌ–Da'em, A. 1946. The deaf–mute child.(in Arabic) In : Egyptian Journal of Psychology. 2 (1) 108–
1941. A School for the Deaf in Egypt. In : Volta Review. 43 (2) 98-99.
1909, Feb. In Cairo. In : The Silent Worker. 21 (no. 5).
History of sign language research
|Africa (general)||Africa (general)|
|North Africa||Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Morocco | Tunisia|
|West Africa||Benin | Burkina Faso | Cote d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo|
|Island states in the Atlantic Ocean||Cape Verde | Sao Tome and Principe|
|Central Africa||Burundi | Cameroon | Central African Republic | Chad | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Equatorial Guinea | Gabon | Republic of the Congo | Rwanda|
|East Africa||Djibouti | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Kenya | Somalia | South Sudan | Sudan | Tanzania | Uganda|
|Southern Africa||Angola | Botswana | Lesotho | Malawi | Mozambique | Namibia | South Africa | Swaziland | Zambia | Zimbabwe|
|Island states in the Indian Ocean||Comoros | Madagascar | Mauritius | Seychelles|
|Areas and others||Western Sahara|