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Basic information of the country/area
Name of the country/area Iraq
Formal name of the country/area Republic of Iraq
Country/area information The World Factbook (CIA)
Wikipedia (English)


Indigenous signs for "Iraq"

Illustrations in the literature

"Iraq" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 83.)

Spoken languages



Sign languages

Population of Deaf/deaf people

Charitable Organisation for the Deaf's official or approximate number of Deaf people: 200,000.; Sign language users : 100,000. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.)

Legal status of sign languages

  • Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1. The government recognises the country's sign language(s) in : the Guideline.

2. The year when the country’s government formally recognises the country’s sign language(s): No information supplied.

3. Deaf Association/Deaf Group lobbies the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s).

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

Charitable Organization for the Deaf (Iraq); established in 2006. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.)

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the Deaf

The Resilient Students at an Iraqi School for the Deaf

  • Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.

2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:

Social Welfare Constitution number 126 of the year 1980. This constitution is still valid.

3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:

Primary (From 5/6 years old to 11/12 years old)

4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:


5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:

22 Deaf Schools
Auditory Verbal

6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:

None, because the intermediate level is the highest educational level Deaf students can reach. There is no high school for the Deaf
No sign language interpreting service

Sign language interpretation

  • Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:

One Certified Interpreter and 70 uncertified Interpreters who are Teachers of the Deaf

2. Sign language interpreting qualifications:

There is

3.The provider of the training for people who want to become qualified sign language interpreters:

National Association of the Deaf

4.Total years of training to become a sign languate interpreters:

Less than One Year

5.The number of sign language interpreters who have formal interpreting qualifications in the country:

One Interpreter

6.The way Deaf people access sign language interpreters:

Through extensive training sessions for sign language interpreters.

7.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:

National Association of the Deaf

8.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:

Sign language interpreters receive payment for interpreting services : Others: There is an official sponsor for the Deaf association who pays for sign language interpreters.

9.The average hourly rate of payment for sign language interpreters:

USD25 per hour (17.60€ on 15th September 2008)

10.Sign language interpreters provide voluntary service for all sign language interpreting assignments.

11.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:


12.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:


13.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :


Deaf communities and cultures

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

The country does not have a sign language dictionary ( WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)).


World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Arab Region (WFD RSAR). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.

Harris, N. D.C. and N. Mustafa. 1986. Teaching hearing-impaired children in Iraq using a new teaching method. In : Programmed Learning and Educational Technology. 23: 159-165.

Hasso, M. H. 1985. The development of services for deaf children in Iraq. In: Taylor, I.G. ed. The Education of the Deaf. Current Perspectives, volume 4. London: Croom Helm. 2012-2017.

Mustafa, N-S. 1985. A new teaching strategy for hearing impaired pupils in Iraq: aspects of mathematics and science for pupils aged 9-14 years. Ph.D. thesis, University of Bath, U.K.

Hamid, Rajaa. 1977. The welfare of the deaf and dumb in Iraq. In : Proceedings of the International Congress of the Deaf, Tokyo 1975. Tokyo: Organizing Committee. 135-136.


History of sign language research



Deaf cultures and Sign Languages of the world: Iraq


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