Middle East (general)


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Indigenous signs for "Middle East"

Spoken languages

Sign languages

Population of Deaf/deaf people

Legal status of sign languages

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the deaf

Deaf communities and cultures

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

Suwed, A. 1984. Quamus ishari carabi. [Arabic sign language dictionary].


Padden Carol A. 2011. Sign Language Geography. In: Mathur, Gaurav and Donna Jo Napoli eds. Deaf around the World, The Impact of Language. 19-37. New York, USA. Oxford University Press.

Al-Fityani, Kinda and Carol Padden. 2010. Sign Language Geography in the Arab World. University of California, San Diego.

Al-Fityani, Kinda Carol Padden. 2010. Sign languages in Arab world. In : Brentari, Diane ed. Sign Languages. Cambridge, UK. Cambridge University Press. 433-450.

Almohimeed, Abdulaziz, Mike Wald and Robert Damper. 2010. An Arabic Sign Language Corpus for Instructional Language in School. Presentation at The seventh international conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC) In : 4th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Corpora and Sign Language Technologies ABSTRACTS 3-4.

Hendriks, Bernadet and Ulrike Zeshan. 2009. Sign Language in the Arab World. In : Versteegh, Kees, Mushira Eid, Alaa Elgibali, Manfred Woidich and Andrzej Zaborski eds. Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics(EALL). Vol.4. 222-235.

Al-Fityani, kinda and Carol Padden. 2008. A lexical comparison of sign languages in the Arab world. Electronic Proceedings of the 9th Conference of Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research. Florianopolis, Brazil.

World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Arab Region (WFD RSAR). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.

Al-Fityani, Kinda. 2007. Arab sign languages: A lexical comparison. In : Center for Research in Language Technical Reports 19(1), 3-13.

Kisch, Shifra. 2007. Disablement, gender and Deafhood among the Negev Arab-Bedouin. In : Disability Studies Quarterly. 27 (4).

Boswell, Susan. 2006. Signs from the desert. New language sheds light on linguistic evolution. In : The ASHA leader (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association). 11 (1) 12, 17.

Al-Fityani, Kinda. and Carol Padden. 2006, December. A lexical comparison of sign languages in the Arab world. Poster presented at the 9th Conference of Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research. Florianopolis, Brazil.

WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2005. Arab Federation of the Deaf. In: Country report 2005. 2-4. Kampala, Uganda.

Abdel-fattah, Mahmoud A. 2005. Arabic Sign Language: a perspective. In : Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 10 (2) 212-221.

Al-Buraiky, Salah M. S. 2005. Arabic sign language recognition using an instrumented glove. Dissertation, King Fahd University, Saudi Arabia.

Assaleh, Khaled and M. Al-Rousan. 2005. Recognition of Arabic Sign Language alphabet using polynomial classifiers. In : EURASIP(The European Association for Signal Processing) Journal on Applied Signal Processing. 13: 2136-2145.

Abdel-Wahab, M. Saied, Moustafa Syam, Magdy Aboul-Ela and Ahmed Samir. 2004. Arabic Sign Language recognition using pulse-coupled neural networks and discrete Fourier transforms. In : Egyptian Computer Science Journal. 26 (1).

Kisch, Shifra. 2004. Negotiating (genetic) deafness in a Bedouin community. In: John Vickrey Van Cleve ed. Genetics, Disability & Deafness. Washington D.C.: Gallaudet University Press. 195-227.

Al-Jarrah, Omar A. and Alaa Halawani. 2001. Recognition of gestures in Arabic Sign Language using neuro-fuzzy systems. In : Artificial Intelligence. 133 (1-2) 117-138.

Kisch, Shifra. 2001. "Hulf": Negotiating deafness in a Bedouin community in the Negev. Notes on the Bedouin. 32: 69-83. [in Hebrew]

Kisch, Shifra. 2000. Deaf discourse: The social construction of deafness in a Bedouin community. Unpublished Master of Arts thesis. Tel Aviv University . [in Hebrew].

Moulton, Robert, Jean F Andrews, and Marshall Smith 1996 The Deaf World. In : Roy I. Brown,David Baine and Aldred H. Neufeldt eds. Beyond basic care: special education and community rehabilitation in low income countries. Canada : Catpus Press Inc. 168-182.

1996. Towards self-dependence for the Arab deaf. In : International Rehabilitation Review 47 (1 & 2) p. 48.

Zwibel, Abraham. 1994. Judaism and deafness: a humanistic heritage. In: CJ Erting, RC Johnson, DL Smith & BD Snider (Eds.) The Deaf Way. Perspectives from the International Conference on Deaf Culture. Washington DC: Gallaudet University Press. 231-238.

Feldman, David. 1986. Deafness and Jewish law and tradition. In: Schein, Jerome D. and Lester J. Waldman eds. The Deaf Jew in the Modern World. New York: Ktav. 12-23.

Nwiya, P. 1978. Ishara (gesture, sign, indication). In : Encyclopaedia of Islam . (new edition), IV: 113-114.

Toubbeh J., S. Soliman and J. Yates. 1976. Communication for hearing-handicapped people in the Arab world. In: Oyer, Herbert J. ed. Communication for the Hearing Handicapped. An international perspective. Baltimore: University Park Press. 395-419.

Gautie, Marcel. 1974. Training of Teachers of the Hearing Impaired in France and the Arab Countries. Paris [UNESCO]. 6.

Barakat, Robert A. 1973. Arabic gestures. In : Journal of Popular Culture. 6: 749-793.

Goldziher, I. 1886. Über Gebärden- und Zeichensprache bei den Arabern. In : Zeitschr. fur Völkerpsychologie. 14: 369-86.


History of sign language research



Signs of Development in Deaf South & South-West Asia: histories, cultural identities, resistance to cultural imperialism. (Revised, extended and updated).

Sign, gesture, & deafness in South Asian & South-West Asian histories: A bibliography with annotation and excerpts from India; also from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burma / Myanmar, Iraq, Nepal, Pakistan, Persia / Iran, & Sri Lanka. Version 3.3

The Arab Sign Dictionary for Deaf Ver. 1.0 (Sense Internet Solutions )

Disability and Deafness in the Middle East


Countries and areas of Middle East
Middle East (general) Middle East (general)
Anatolia Turkey
Arabian Peninsula Bahrain | Kuwait | Oman | Qatar | Saudi Arabia | UAE | Yemen
Iranian Plateau Iran
Levant Israel | Jordan | Lebanon | Syria
Areas and others Palestine
Personal tools
In other languages
AACoRE > Projects > AASL