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Basic information of the country/area
Name of the country/area Mozambique
Formal name of the country/area Republic of Mozambique
Country/area information The World Factbook (CIA)
Wikipedia (English)


Indigenous signs for "Mozambique"

Illustrations in the literature

"Mozambique" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 103.)

Spoken languages


Sign languages

Mozambican Sign Language

Population of Deaf/deaf people

Legal status of sign languages

  • Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1. The government recognises the country's sign language(s) in : the Policy.

2. The year when the country’s government formally recognises the country’s sign language(s): 2005.

3. Deaf Association/Deaf Group lobbies the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s)

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

The Association of the Deaf in Mozambique (ASUMO)  (WFD member; established in 1999. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.))

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the deaf

  • Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.

2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:


3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:

Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)

4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:


5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:

Three schools in two cities out of 16 cities and more then 45 rural areas : Oral Method
Oral and Sign Language (Total Communication)

6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:

This access is a new opportunity offered by the main university beginning in March 2008.
No sign language interpreting service.

Sign language interpretation

  • There is an association of sign language interpreters in Mozanbique, from WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011 (See Bibliography below).
  • Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:

A few, but they are not professional and many of them work for churches and not for the deaf organisation or community.

2. Sign language interpreting qualifications:


3.The provier of the sign language interpreting services:


4.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:

Sign language interpreters do not receive any payment for interpreting services.

5.Sign language interpreters sometimes provide voluntary service for sign language interpreting assignments.

6.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters is independent from the National Association of the Deaf.

7.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:


8.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :


Deaf communities and cultures

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

The country has a sign language dictionary (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)).

Mozambique sign language dictionary launch


WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Sponsorship Programme 2011. Kampala, UGANDA.

WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011. Kampala, UGANDA.

World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Southern and Eastern Africa (WFD RSESA). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.

Lehtomaki, Elina. 1999. Inclusion and Deafness: Families as essential stakeholders

Medi E. 1997. How Can a Disability Programme Based in the Ministry for Social Action Help Disabled Children's education? Education and Disabled Children in Mozambique, and the case of Deaf Children. A Primary Education Booklet Theme Paper. London: Save the Children Fund (U.K.).

Miles, Susie. 1995. The deaf dilemma. (Education. for deaf people in Mozambique). CBR(Community-based rehabilitation) News 20

Films and videos

Celso Magumbe in Mozambique. Maputo, Mozambique - Hearing Impaired : A deaf man fights for the rights of the hearing impaired. 26 minutes, Directed by Patricio Henriquez, Produced by Robbie Hart and Luc Côté, Adobe Productions.


History of sign language research



As comunidades surdas dos Paises Africanos de Lingua Oficial Portuguesa (PALOP)

Deaf cultures and Sign Languages of the world: Mozambique

Research on the Violation of Human Rights of Deaf People in Mozambique


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In other languages
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