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Basic information of the country/area
Name of the country/area Rwanda
Formal name of the country/area Republic of Rwanda
Country/area information The World Factbook (CIA)
Wikipedia (English)


Indigenous signs for "Rwanda"

Illustrations in the literature

"Rwanda" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 103.)

Spoken languages




Sign languages

Related sign languages:

French Sign Language

Population of Deaf/deaf people

Legal status of sign languages

  • Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1. The country’s government does not formally recognise the country’s sign language(s).

2. Deaf Association/Deaf Group lobbies the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s).

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

  • Association de Sourds du Rwanda (WFD member, data in 2002, cited from "Signs of country names" (Japanese edition, Japan Institute for Sign Language Studies ed. 2002. Tokyo: Japanese Federation of the Deaf))

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the deaf

  • Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)

1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.

2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:


3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:

Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)

4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:


5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:

In our country there are two public primary schools for the deaf and six other private primary schools. For secondary education students are integrated in normal schools with other students.

6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:

All Universities provide access for Deaf people.
No sign language interpreting service.

Sign language interpretation

  • There is an association of sign language interpreters in Australia. from WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011 (See Bibliography below).
  • Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:

3 Interpreters

2. Sign language interpreting qualifications:


3.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:


4.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:

Sign language interpreters receive payment for interpreting services
National Association of the Deaf/Deaf Group pays
Others: Non-Governmental Organisations

5.The average hourly rate of payment for sign language interpreters:

Hourly rate is fixed at USD50.00 (32.20€ on 31st May 2008).

6.Sign language interpreters do not provide any voluntary service for all sign language interpreting assignments.

7.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:


8.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:


9.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :

The law says that public services are required to provide communication access for Deaf persons, by using sign language, sign messages and other means if possible during meetings, conferences, information bulletins and so forth.

Deaf communities and cultures

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

The country does not have a sign language dictionary ( WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)).


WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011. Kampala, UGANDA.

World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Southern and Eastern Africa (WFD RSESA). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.

Report on the training to Rwanda National Association of the Deaf (RNAD) 17th to 20th October 2006. 2007. In : WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters) Newsletter Issue I. 2.

Mutabazi, Pascal. 1998. After the genocide: Rebuilding the deaf community. In: Disability awareness in action (November):3.


History of sign language research




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