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Basic information of the country/area
Name of the country/area Myanmar
Formal name of the country/area Union of Myanmar
Country/area information The World Factbook (CIA)
Wikipedia (English)


Indigenous signs for "Myanmar"

Illustrations in the literature

"Myanmar" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 20.)

Spoken languages


Sign languages

Population of Deaf/deaf people

Legal status of sign languages

Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf

Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies

Education for the deaf

  • Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.

2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:


3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:

Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)

4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:


5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:

No answer

6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:


Sign language interpretation

  • Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).

1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:


2.The way Deaf people access sign language interpreters:

The teachers from the Deaf School assist as Sign Language Interpreters when necessary.

3.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:


4.Sign language interpreters provide voluntary service for all sign language interpreting assignments.

5.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:


6.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:


7.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :


Deaf communities and cultures

Religious activities by the Deaf

Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages

Sign language dictionaries

Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Department of Social Welfare, and School for the Deaf Children Mandalay. 2007. "The Sign Language Dictionary Part-1 and Part-2".


Justin, Watkins 2010. Sign language in Burma: two Burmese finger spelling systems used in Yangon Université de Provence, Marseille, France. (Unpublished).

World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Asia and the Pacific (WFD RSA/P). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.

Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Department of Social Welfare, and Japan International Cooperation Agency. 2007. "Myanmar Sign Language Conversation Book".

Than, A. M. 1970. Education of the deaf in Burma. In : Hearing (RNID). 25 (4) 108-111.

Wright, John Dutton. 1926. Schools for the Deaf in the Orient. In : Volta Review.28: 49-52. [Subsequent articles on pp. 348-355; 415-417; 593-595; 769-770; report on South Asian schools.(includs Philippines, Japan, Burma(Myanmar), India and Ceylon(Sri Lanka))


History of sign language research



Deaf cultures and Sign Languages of the world: Myanmar

New sign language dictionary launched


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