|Name of the country/area||Zimbabwe|
|Formal name of the country/area||Republic of Zimbabwe|
|Country/area information||The World Factbook (CIA)|
Indigenous signs for "Zimbabwe"
Illustrations in the literature
"Zimbabwe" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 97.)
Population of Deaf/deaf people
Zimbabwe National Association of the Deaf's official or approximate number of Deaf people: approx 1,500,000.; Sign language users: approx 1,200,000. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.)
Legal status of sign languages
- Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1. The country’s government does not formally recognise the country’s sign language(s).
2. Deaf Association/Deaf Group lobbies the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s).
- Sign language has no officially recognized status, is not used as the first language in education of deaf people and is not recognized as the main means of communication between deaf persons and others.(Government Implementation of the Standard Rules As Seen By Member Organizations of World Federation of the Deaf – WFD : Association of the Deaf, Zimbabwe , 1997.)
Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf
Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies
Education for the deaf
- Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.
2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:
3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:
- Kindergarten (Between 3/4 years old to 5/6 years old)
- Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)
- Secondary (From 12/13 years old to 17/18 years old)
- Vocational Education/Training
4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:
5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:
- Three Deaf Schools
- Oral and Sign Language (Total Communication)
6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:
- None / No teachers available to teach sign language and no interpreters in the Education Sectors.
Sign language interpretation
- There is an association of sign language interpreters in Australia. from WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011 (See Bibliography below).
- There are comments by a sign language interpreter from this country who participated in WASLI 2011 conference in Durban, South Africa (from WASLI Sponcorship Programme 2011, see See Bibliography below).
- Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:
- 15 Interpreters
2.Sign language interpreting qualifications in the country:
- There is.
3.The provider of the training for people who want to become qualified sign language interpreters:
- National Association of the Deaf
4.Total years of training to become a sign languate interpreters:
- There is no training of sign language interpreters in our country. The last training was the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Sign Language Interpreting project under the Finnish Association of the Deaf, back in 2000.
5.The number of sign language interpreters who have formal interpreting qualifications in the country:
- 14 interpreters
6.The way Deaf people access sign language interpreters:
- 1. Through text messages via their mobile phones
- 2. Through messages via their next door or other neighbours
7.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:
8.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:
- Sign language interpreters receive payment for interpreting services
- National Association of the Deaf/Deaf Group pays
- Deaf people pay
9.The average hourly rate of payment for sign language interpreters:
- The rate of payment depends on agreement between the interpreter and the client. In most cases it’s a negotiable rate; there is no fixed rate.
10.Sign language interpreters provide voluntary service for all sign language interpreting assignments.
11.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:
12.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:
13.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :
Deaf communities and cultures
Religious activities by the Deaf
Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages
Sign language dictionaries
WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Sponsorship Programme 2011. Kampala, UGANDA.
WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011. Kampala, UGANDA.
World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Southern and Eastern Africa (WFD RSESA). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.
Mutasa, Jane. 2000. Challenges that educators meet when teaching children with hearing impairment at resource units in Harae, Zimbabwe. In : Disability. & Society 15: 923-941.
Chimedza, Robert. 1999. Effects of different communication methods on the comprehension of stories by deaf students in Zimbabwe: implications for classroom communication and academic achievement. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. East Lansing: Michigan State University.
Gwitimah, Albert Rickie. 1999. Training teachers of the deaf in Zimbabwe. In : Van Cleve, John V. (editor in chief), Gallaudet College eds. Global perspectives on the education of the deaf in selected countries. Hillsboro, Ore. : Butte Publications. 399-405.
Chimedza, Robert. 1998. The cultural politics of integrating Deaf students in regular schools in Zimbabwe. In : Disability & society. vol.13.No.4.493-502.
Barcham, Lesley. 1997. The education of deaf children in Zimbabwe: the changing role of non-governmental organizations, international organizations and government. Unpublished. Ph.D. thesis. Open Univ.: Milton Keynes, U.K. ix + 330 pp.
Chiswanda M.V. 1997. Hearing Mothers and their Deaf Children in Zimbabwe: mediated learning experiences. Unpublished. Ph.D. thesis, University of Oslo.
Petersen N.K. 1997. Ordinary Families? Special Children? Intervention Services ? What are the needs of hearing parents of deaf children in Harare, Zimbabwe? Unpublished. Master of Philosophy thesis, University of Oslo.
Chimedza, Robert. 1995. A survey of sign language differences among deaf adults in Zimbabwe. In: Zimbabwe journal of educational research. v.7 no.3. 314-322.
Chimedza, Robert. 1994. Bilingualism in the education of the hearing impaired in Zimbabwe; Is this the answer? In : Zimbabwe bulletin of teacher education. 4(1).1-11.
Chimedza, Robert. 1992. The Use of Sign Language in Teaching the Deaf - Deaf Education in Zimbabwe. In: Finnish Association of the Deaf ed. East African sign language seminar, Debre Zeit, Ethoipia, August 10-16,1990. Helsinki: Finnish Association of the Deaf. 84.
Chimedza, Robert. 1992. Zimbabwe Sign Language Position Paper. In: Finnish Association of the Deaf ed. East African sign language seminar, Debre Zeit, Ethoipia, August 10-16,1990. Helsinki: Finnish Association of the Deaf. 27-29.
Gwitima(H) A.R. 1991. The training of teachers of the deaf in Zimbabwe. In: Partnership between Deaf People and Professionals. Proceedings of a Conference held ... August 1991 ... Rabat, Malta, arranged by Initiatives for Deaf Education in the Third World, in co-operation with the National Commission for the Handicapped, Malta. 1991. Valletta: Ministry of Society Policy, Malta. 90-93.
Charema Jhon. 1990. The integration of hearing impaired primary school pupils in Zimbabwe. Unpublished. Master of Education dissertation, Univ. Manchester.
Chimedza, Robert. 1990. The use of sign language in teaching the deaf. Deaf education in Zimbabwe. In: Finnish Association of the Deaf Ed. East African Sign Language Seminar, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia, August 1990. Helsinki: Finnish Association of the Deaf.
House H. 1990. Deaf children in Zimbabwe. In Talk (Spring) No. 135.
Mhazo, Miriam. 1990. Partnership with parents in early education of hearing impaired children: a proposal for Zimbabwe. Master of Education dissertation, University Birmingham. 106 pp.
Mutasa, Jane. 1990. Zimbabwe. In: Deaf-Blind Education. 6: 15.
Chiwara, Spiwe and G. Powell. 1989. Survey of deaf children in Zimbabwe. Unpublished. paper presented at Workshop on 'The Deaf Child in Zimbabwe.'
Foster L. 1989. Approach to the management of hearing impaired preschool children in Manicaland. Unpublished. paper presented at Workshop on ‘The Deaf Child in Zimbabwe.’
Viljoen D.L. et al. 1988. Childhood deafness in Zimbabwe. In : South African Medical Journal. 73: 286-288.
Gwitima, Albert R. 1985. Deaf education in Zimbabwe. In: Taylor, I.G. ed. The Education of the Deaf. Current Perspectives. 4 Vols. London: Croom Helm.: 1994-1997.
Moss, Margaret. 1985. Some questions to be answered in less developed countries. In: Taylor, I.G. ed. The Education of the Deaf. Current Perspectives. 4 Vols. London: Croom Helm.: 2037-2040. (Zimbabwe, deaf children).
History of sign language research
|Africa (general)||Africa (general)|
|North Africa||Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Morocco | Tunisia|
|West Africa||Benin | Burkina Faso | Cote d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo|
|Island states in the Atlantic Ocean||Cape Verde | Sao Tome and Principe|
|Central Africa||Burundi | Cameroon | Central African Republic | Chad | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Equatorial Guinea | Gabon | Republic of the Congo | Rwanda|
|East Africa||Djibouti | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Kenya | Somalia | South Sudan | Sudan | Tanzania | Uganda|
|Southern Africa||Angola | Botswana | Lesotho | Malawi | Mozambique | Namibia | South Africa | Swaziland | Zambia | Zimbabwe|
|Island states in the Indian Ocean||Comoros | Madagascar | Mauritius | Seychelles|
|Areas and others||Western Sahara|