|Name of the country/area||Nigeria|
|Formal name of the country/area||Federal Republic of Nigeria|
|Country/area information||The World Factbook(CIA)|
Local sign for "Nigeria"
Illustrations in the literature
"Nigeria" (In: Japanese Federation of the Deaf ed. Supervisor: Hedberg, Tomas. 2003. Country name-signs. Helsinki, Finland: World Federation of the Deaf. 99.)
Related sign languages:
Population of Deaf/deaf people
Legal status of sign languages
- Status of the National Sign Language(s) from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1. The country’s government does not formally recognise the country’s sign language(s).
2. Deaf Association/Deaf Group lobbies the government for the recognition of the country’s sign language(s).
Organizations and associations of the Deaf/deaf
Nigeria National Association of the Deaf (Facebook) (WFD member; established in 1972. (WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. : See Bibliography below.))
Institutes, associations and universities for sign language studies
Education for the Deaf
- Access to Education from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1.The government recognizes that Deaf children and Deaf students have the right to receive an education.
2.Legislation or policies on Deaf Education:
- Education of the Deaf and the Disabled are included in the Special Education Policy under the country's National Policy on Education
3.The government provides those educational settings for Deaf children and Deaf students:
- Kindergarten (Between 3/4 years old to 5/6 years old)
- Primary (From 5/6 years old to 12/13 years old)
- Secondary (From 12/13 years old to 17/18 years old)
- University (After 18 years old)
- Vocational Education/Training
4.The government provides bilingual education using the country’s sign language(s) for Deaf children and Deaf students in those educational settings:
5.Total number of schools specifically for Deaf children and Deaf students in the country, and the educational approach for communicating with Deaf children and students at the Deaf School:
- There are many Deaf Schools. There is at least one Deaf school in 36 states and Federal Capital Territory. Some states have between 3 to 5 Deaf Schools.
- Oral and Sign Language (Total Communication)
6.Deaf people’s access to a University education and sign language interpreting services at University:
- Almost all Universities provide access to studies for Deaf people / Sign language interpreting service is not available.
Sign language interpretation
- ASLIN (Association Of Sign Language Interpreters Nigeria (WASLI Newsletter 2010-02)
- GOSLIN – The Guild of Sign Language Interpreters of Nigeria (WASLI: Associations of sign language interpreters and related links)
- There is an association of sign language interpreters in this country. from WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011 (See Bibliography below).
- Status of Sign Language Interpreting Services from WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below).
1.The number of sign language interpreters in the country:
- No data
2. Sign language interpreting qualifications.
3.The provider of the sign language interpreting services:
4.The payment for interpreting services, and those who are responsible for paying:
- Sign language interpreters receive payment for interpreting services
- National Association of the Deaf/Deaf Group pays
- Others: Organisers of Programmes
5.The average hourly rate of payment for sign language interpreters:
- It varies depending on the availability of funds for specific programmes.
6.Sign language interpreters sometimes provide voluntary service for sign language interpreting assignments.
7.National Association of Sign Language Interpreters:
8.National Code of Ethics for sign language interpreters:
9.Legislation or policy in the country which states that the government has a responsibility for the provision of sign language :
Deaf communities and cultures
Religious activities by the Deaf
Famous Deaf persons and hearing persons concerned with sign languages
Sign language dictionaries
The country does not have a sign language dictionary ( WFD. 2008. Global Survey Report. (See Bibliography below)).
WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Sponsorship Programme 2011. Kampala, UGANDA.
WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2011. WASLI Activities Report 2007-2011. Kampala, UGANDA.
Kamei, Nobutaka. 2008. Essay in the field: Visit to the origin of African sign languages. In: Monthly Minpaku (National Museum of Ethnology). 32(6) (June 2008): 22-23.
Smith, Neil. 2008. Maganar Hannu. In : Smith, Neil ed. Language, Frogs and Savants: More Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics. Wiley interscience. 51-55.
World Federation of the Deaf and Swedish National Association of the Deaf. 2008. Global Survey Report. WFD Regional Secretariat for Western and Central Africa Region (WFD WCAR). Global Education Pre-Planning Project on the Human Rights of Deaf People. World Federation of the Deaf. Finland.
Euzouwa, Anthonia Ngozika. 2007. Deaf Women and Sports in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects. In : Goodstein, Harvey ed. The Deaf Way II Reader : Perspectives from the Second International Conference on Deaf Culture. Washington,DC: Gallaudet University Press. 301-304.
Kamei, Nobutaka. 2007. Deaf communities and sign languages. In: Ochiai, Takehiko & Tomoko Kanata eds. Medicine, disability and gender in Africa: A new multi-disciplinary approach to Nigerian society (The Socio-Cultural Research Institute Series No.4, Ryukoku University). Kyoto: Koyoshobo. 157-184.
WASLI. 2007. Nigeria. In: WASLI Country Reports. 10-12. Kampala, Uganda
Ajavon, Paulina Ada. 2006. An Overview of Deaf Education in Nigeria. Ajavon, Paulina Ada.. 2003. The Incorporation of Nigerian Signs in Deaf Education in Nigeria : A Pilot Study. Frankfurt am Main. Brussels: Peter Lang.
Kamei, Nobutaka. 2005. The Deaf in Africa (10) Teacher training by the Deaf Foster generation of today. In:Sign Language Communication Studies(Japan Institute for Sign Language Studies, Japanese Federation of the Deaf) 57(2005.09):41-47.
Kamei, Nobutaka. 2005. The Deaf in Africa (9) Teacher training by the Deaf. In:Sign Language Communication Studies (Japan Institute for Sign Language Studies, Japanese Federation of the Deaf) 56(2005.06):45-52.
WASLI (World Association of Sign Language Interpreters). 2005. Nigeria. In: Country report 2005. 26. Kampala, Uganda.
Kamei, Nobutaka. 2004. The Deaf in Africa (5) Deaf views of America In:Sign Language Communication Studies (Japan Institute for Sign Language Studies, Japanese Federation of the Deaf) 51(2004.03):55-62.
Blench, Roger. 2004?. An unreported African sign language for the deaf among the Bura in Northeast Nigeria.
Ajavon, Paulina Ada. 2003. The Incorporation of Nigerian Signs in deaf Education in Nigeria: A Pilot Study. Frankfurt am Main. Bruxelles: Peter Lang.
Blench, Roger and Victoria Nyst. 2003. 6. Reports on Field Research :An unreported African sign language in Northeast Nigeria. In : OGMIOS Newsletter 2.10 (#22) : Autumn 30 November 2003.
Schmaling, Constanze. 2003. A for apple: The impact of western education and ASL on the Deaf community in Kano State, Northern Nigeria. In: Monaghan, Leila, Constanze Schmaling, Karen Nakamura and Graham H. Turner eds. Many ways to be Deaf: International variation in Deaf communities. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press. 302-310. [Including information of Africa (general), Nigeria, Hausa Sign Language and Nigerian Sign Language ]
Schmaling, Constanze. 2001. ASL in Northern Nigeria: Will Hausa sign language survive? In: Dively, Valerie, Melanie Metzger, Sarah Taub, and Anne Marie Baer eds. Signed languages: Discoveries from international research. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press. 180-193.
Schmaling, Constanze. 2000. Maganar hannu, language of the hands: a descriptive analysis of Hausa sign language. Hamburg: Signum-Verlag.
2000. Nigeria. In : Turkington, Carol, and Allen E. Sussman eds. The encyclopedia of deafness and hearing disorders, second edition. New York : Facts on File. 151.
Adepoju G. A. 1999. Trends in the development of education of the Deaf in Nigeria between 1950 and 1985: an interview and historical study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University Maryland.
Ojile, Emmanuel. 1999. Education of the deaf in Nigera: Past, present, and future. In : H. William Brelje ed. Global perspectives on the education of the deaf in selected countries. Hillsboro, Ore. : Butte Publications. 261-272.
Schmaling, Constanze. 1998. ASL in northern Nigeria: Will Hausa Sign Language survive? Presentation at Sixth International Conference on Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research
Schmaling, Constanze(University Hamburg). 1998. A for Apple: The impact of western education and ASL on the Deaf community in Kano State, northern Nigeria. In: Sign Language Communication Studies (Japan Institute for Sign Language Studies, Japanese Federation of the Deaf) 27(1998.03) :54. (translated by Nakamura, Karen: in Japanese) [the report from the invited panel on sign language sociolinguistics at the 96th Annual Meeting of the America Anthropological Association. Washington DC. Nov.11-19 1997]
Ojile, Emmanuel. 1994. Education of the Deaf in Nigeria: An historical perspective. In: Erting, Carol J., Robert C. Johnson, Dorothy L. Smith, and Bruce D. Snider eds. The Deaf Way: Perspectives from the international conference on Deaf culture. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press. 268-274.
1992. Nigeria. In : Turkington, Carol, and Allen E. Sussman eds. The encyclopedia of deafness and hearing disorders [first edition]. New York : Facts on File.
Odebiyi A. I. and F. Togonu-Bickersteth. 1987. Concepts of management of deafness in the Yoruba medical system: a case study of traditional healers in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. In : Social Science & Medicine. 24: 645-49.
Ojile, Emmanuel and E. Carver. 1987. Education of the Deaf in Nigeria and Canada: A comparison. In: The ACEHI journal/LA revue ACEDA. 13 : 96-103.
Mba, Peter O. 1987. Nigeria. In: Van Cleve, John V. ed. Gallaudet encyclopedia of deaf people and deafness, Vol.2. New York: McGraw Hill. 242-244.
Mba, Peter O. 1986. Social integration: A new approach to the Deaf. In: Mba, Peter O. ed. National Advisory Council for the Deaf: Conference papers (1982-1986). Nigeria: National Advisory Council for the Deaf. 39-46 .
Ojile, Emmanuel. 1986. Teacher's qualification, method of instruction and provision of related services in Nigerian Deaf schools. Jos, Nigeria : University of Jos. List of faculty research.
Ojile, Emmanuel. 1985. An updated list of educaional programs for the hearing impaired in Nigeria. Jos, Nigeria : University of Jos. Unpublished research, Special education department.
Harris, P. C. 1932. Bebanchi: the pantomime language of the Hausa deaf and dumb. In : African World and Cape Cairo Express, June.
1925. Du Report, Burum tribe, Nigeria : A deaf mute believer. In : Lightbearer. 21. 5.
History of sign language research
|Africa (general)||Africa (general)|
|North Africa||Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Morocco | Tunisia|
|West Africa||Benin | Burkina Faso | Cote d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo|
|Island states in the Atlantic Ocean||Cape Verde | Sao Tome and Principe|
|Central Africa||Burundi | Cameroon | Central African Republic | Chad | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Equatorial Guinea | Gabon | Republic of the Congo | Rwanda|
|East Africa||Djibouti | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Kenya | Somalia | South Sudan | Sudan | Tanzania | Uganda|
|Southern Africa||Angola | Botswana | Lesotho | Malawi | Mozambique | Namibia | South Africa | Swaziland | Zambia | Zimbabwe|
|Island states in the Indian Ocean||Comoros | Madagascar | Mauritius | Seychelles|
|Areas and others||Western Sahara|